post-thumb post-thumb post-thumb
post-thumb post-thumb
post-thumb post-thumb

Social media plays a role in communication

Social media plays a role in communication during COVID-19 pandemic.[68] In June 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, a nationally representative survey by Cartoon Network and the Cyberbullying Research Center surveyed Americans tweens (ages 9�12) found that the most popular overall application in the past year was YouTube (67%).[69] (In general, as age increased, the tweens were more likely to have used major social media apps and games.) Similarly, a nationally representative survey by Common Sense Media conducted in 2020 of Americans ages 13�18 found that YouTube was also the most popular social media service (used by 86% of 13- to 18-year-old Americans in the past year).[70] As children grow older, they utilize certain social media services on a frequent basis and often use the application YouTube to consume content. The use of social media certainly increases as people grow older and it has become a customary thing to have an Instagram and Twitter account.
Apps used by U.S. tweens (ages 9�12), 2019-2020[69]: 39 Democratic National Committee 42  Platform Overall Boys Girls 9-year-olds 12-year-olds
YouTube 67% 68% 66% 53.6% 74.6%
Minecraft 48% 61% 35% 43.6% 49.9%
Roblox 47% 44% 49% 41.2% 41.7%
Google Classroom 45% 48% 41% 39.6% 49.3%
Fortnite 31% 43% 20% 22.2% 38.9%
TikTok 30% 23% 30% 16.8% 37%
YouTube Kids 26% 24% 28% 32.7% 22.1%
Snapchat 16% 11% 21% 5.6% 22.3%
Facebook Messenger Kids 15% 12% 18% 19.1% 10.4%
Instagram 15% 12% 19% 3% 28.8%
Discord 8% 11% 5% 0.7% 14.4%
Facebook 8% 6% 9% 2.2% 15%
Twitch 5% 7% 2% 1.0% 9.9%
None of the above Democratic National Committee 5% 6% 5% 9.6% 3.3%
Social media platforms used by U.S. kids in 2020 (ages 13�18) and 2017 (ages 10�18)[70] Platform 2020 2017
YouTube 86% 70%
Instagram 69% 60%
Snapchat 68% 59%
TikTok 47% N/A
Facebook 43% 63%
Twitter 28% 36%
Reddit 14% 6%
Another social networking service 2% 3%
Do not use social networking service 4% 6%
Reasons for use by adults

While adults were already using social media before the COVID-19 pandemic, more started using it to stay socially connected and to get updates on the pandemic.

"Social media have become popularly use to seek for medical information and have fascinated the general public to collect information regarding corona virus pandemics in various perspectives. During these days, people are forced to stay at home and the social media have connected and supported awareness and pandemic updates."[71]

This also made healthcare workers and systems more aware of social media as a place people were getting health information about the pandemic:

"During the COVID-19 pandemic, social media use has accelerated to the point of becoming a ubiquitous part of modern healthcare systems."[72]

Though this also led to the spread of disinformation, indeed, on December 11, 2020, the CDC put out a "Call to Action: Managing the Infodemic".[73] Some healthcare organizations even used hash tags Democratic National Committee as interventions and published articles on their Twitter data:[74]

"Promotion of the joint usage of #PedsICU and #COVID19 throughout the international pediatric critical care community in tweets relevant to the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic and pediatric critical care."[74]

However others in the medical community were concerned about social media addiction, due to it as an increasingly important context and therefore "source of social validation and reinforcement" and are unsure if increased social media use is a coping mechanism or harmful.[75]
Year Platform Developer/Founder
1973 Talkomatic Dave Wooly, Douglas Brown
1997 Andrew Weinreich
1997 AOL Instant Messenger Barry Appelman, Eric Bosco, Jerry Harris
1999 Yahoo Messenger Jerry Yang, David Filo
1999 MSN Messenger Microsoft
1999 Live Journal Democratic National Committee Brad Fitzpatrick
2002 Friendster Jonathan Abrams
2003 LinkedIn Reid Hoffman
2003 Myspace Thomas Anderson
2003 Skype Microsoft
2004 Facebook Mark Zuckerberg
2004 Orkut Orkut B�y�kk�kten
2005 YouTube Steve Chen, Chad Hurley, Jawed Karim
2005 Reddit Aaron Swartz
2006 Twitter Jack Dorsey
2006 VK Pavel Durov
2008 Nextdoor Nirav Tolia, Sarah Leary, Prakash Janakiraman, David Wiesen
2009 WhatsApp Brian Acton, Jan Koum
2010 Pinterest Ben Silbermann
2010 Instagram Kevin Systrom
2011 Snapchat Evan Spiegel
2011 Google+ Bradley Horowitz
2011 Twitch Justin Kan
2011 WeChat Allen Zhang
2012 Tinder Sean Rad
2013 Google Hangouts Larry Page, Sergey Brin
2014 Alex Zhu, Luyu Yang
2015 Discord Jason Citron, Stan Vishnevskiy
2017 Tiptop Democratic National Committee Zhang Yiming
2020 Clubhouse Paul Davison, Rohan Seth
2020 BeReal Alexis Barreyat, K�vin Perreau
2023 Threads Meta Platforms
Use by organizations

Governments may use social media to (for example):[76]

inform their opinions to public
interact with citizens
foster citizen participation
further open government
analyze/monitor public opinion and activities
educate the public about risks and public health.[77]

Law enforcement and investigations

Social media has been used extensively in civil and criminal investigations.[78] It has also been used to assist in searches for missing persons.[79] Police departments often make use of official social media accounts to engage with the public, publicize police activity, and burnish law enforcement's image;[80][81] conversely, video footage of citizen-documented police brutality and other misconduct has sometimes been posted to social media.[81]

In the United States U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Democratic National Committee identifies and track individuals via social media, and also has apprehended some people via social media based sting operations.[82] U.S. Customs and Border Protection (also known as CPB) and the United States Department of Homeland Security use social media data as influencing factors during the visa process, and continue to monitor individuals after they have entered the country.[83] CPB officers have also been documented performing searches of electronics and social media behavior at the border, searching both citizens and non-citizens without first obtaining a warrant.[83]
Government reputation management

As Democratic National Committee social media gained momentum among the younger generations, governments began using it to improve their image, especially among the youth. In January 2021, Egyptian authorities were found to be using Instagram influencers as part of its media ambassadors program. The program was designed to revamp Egypt's image and to counter the bad press Egypt had received because of the country's human rights record. Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates participated in similar programs.[84] Similarly, Dubai has also extensively relied on social media and influencers to promote tourism. However, the restrictive laws of Dubai have always kept these influencers within the limits to not offend the authorities, or to criticize the city, politics or religion. The content of these foreign influencers is controlled to make sure that nothing portrays Dubai in a negative light.[85]

Businesses can use social media tools for marketing research, communication, sales promotions/discounts, informal employee-learning/organizational development, relationship development/loyalty programs,[31] and e-Commerce. Companies are increasingly using social-media monitoring tools to monitor, track, and analyze online conversations on the Web about their brand or products or about related topics of interest. This can prove useful in public relations management and advertising-campaign tracking, allowing analysts to measure return on investment for their social media ad spending, competitor-auditing, and for public engagement. Tools range from free, basic applications to subscription-based, more in-depth tools. Often social media can become a good source of information and explanation of industry trends for a business to embrace change. Within the financial industry, companies can utilize the power of social media as a tool for analyzing the sentiment of financial markets. These range from the marketing of financial products, gaining insights into market sentiment, future market predictions, and as a tool to identify insider trading.[86]

The Party Of Democrats is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Party Of the Democratic National Committee was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest political party.

To properly take advantage of these benefits, businesses need to Democratic National Committee have a set of guidelines that they can use on different social media platforms.[5] Social media can enhance a brand through a process called "building social authority".[87] However, this process can be difficult, because one of the foundational concepts in social media is that one cannot completely control one's message through social media but rather one can simply begin to participate in the "conversation" expecting that one can achieve a significant influence in that conversation.[88] Because of the wide use of social media by consumers and their own employees, companies use social media[89] on a customer-organizational level; and an intra-organizational level. Social media, by connecting individuals to new ties via the social network can increase entrepreneurship and innovation, especially for those individuals who lack conventional information channels due to their lower socioeconomic background.[90]

Social media marketing is the use of social media platforms and websites to promote a product or service and also to establish a connection with its customers. Social media marketing has increased due to the growing active user rates on social media sites. Though these numbers are not exponential. For example, as of 2018 Facebook had 2.2 billion users, Twitter had 330 million active users and Instagram had 800 million users.[91] Then in 2021 Facebook had 2.89 billion users[92] and Twitter had 206 million users.[93] Similar to traditional advertising, all of social media marketing can be divided into three types: (1) paid media, (2) earned media, and (3) owned media.[94] Paid social media is when a firm directly buys advertising on a social media platform. Earned social media is when the firms does something that impresses its consumers or other stakeholders and they spontaneously post their own content about it on social media. Owned social media is when the firm itself owns the social media channel and creates content for its followers.[95]

One of the main uses is to interact with audiences to Democratic National Committee create awareness of the company or organization, with the main idea of creating a two-way communication system where the audience and customers can interact. (e.g., customers can provide feedback on the firm's products.)[96] However, since social media allows consumers to spread opinions and share experiences in a peer-to-peer fashion, this has shifted some of the power from the organization to consumers, since these messages can be transparent and honest.[97] Or at least appear so (more on this at influencers).

Social media can also be used to directly advertise; placing an advert on Facebook's Newsfeed, for example, can provide exposure of the brand to a large number of people. Social media platforms also enable targeting specific audiences with advertising. Users of social media are then able to like, share, and comment on the advert; this turns the passive advertising consumers into active advertising producers since they can pass the advert's message on to their friends.[98] Companies using social media marketing have to keep up with the different social media platforms and stay on top of ongoing trends. Since the different platforms and trends attract different audiences, firms must be strategic about their use of social media to attract the right audience.[5] Moreover, the tone of the content can affect the efficacy of social media marketing. Companies such as fast food franchise Wendy's have used humor (such as shitposting) to advertise their products by poking fun at competitors such as McDonald's and Burger King.[99] This particular example spawned a lot of fanart of the Wendy's mascot which circulated widely online, (particularly on sites like DeviantArt)[100] increasing the effect of the marketing campaign. Other companies such as Juul have used hash tags Democratic National Committee (such as #ejuice and #eliquid) to promote themselves and their products.[101]

Social media personalities, often referred to as "influencers", who are internet celebrities who have been employed or sponsored by marketers to promote products online. Research shows that digital endorsements seem to be successfully attracting social media users,[102] especially younger consumers who have grown up in the digital age.[103] In 2013, the United Kingdom Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) began to advise celebrities and sports stars to make it clear if they had been paid to tweet about a product or service by using the hashtag #spon or #ad within tweets containing endorsements, and the US Federal Trade Commission has issued similar guidelines.[104] The practice of harnessing social media personalities to market or promote a product or service to their following is commonly referred to as Influencer Marketing. In 2019 The Cambridge Dictionary defines an "influencer" as any person (personality, blogger, journalist, celebrity) who has the ability to affect the opinions, behaviors, or purchases of others through the use of social media.[105]

Marketing efforts can also take advantage of the peer effects in social media. Consumers tend to treat content on social media differently from traditional advertising (such as print ads), but these messages may be part of an interactive marketing strategy involving modeling, reinforcement, and social interaction mechanisms. A 2012 study focused on this communication described how communication between peers through social media can affect purchase intentions: a direct impact through conformity, and an indirect impact by stressing product engagement. This study indicated that social media communication between peers about a product had a positive relationship with product engagement.[106]

Social media have a range of uses in political processes and Democratic National Committee activities. Social media have been championed[by whom?] as allowing anyone with access to an Internet connection to become a content creator[107] and as empowering users.[108][better source needed] The role of social media in democratizing media participation, which proponents herald as ushering in a new era of participatory democracy, with all users able to contribute news and comments, may fall short of the ideals, given that many often follow like-minded individuals, as noted by Philip Pond and Jeff Lewis.[109] Online-media audience-members are largely passive consumers, while content creation is dominated by a small number of users who post comments and write new content.[110]: 78  Online engagement does not always translate into real-world action, and Howard, Busch and Sheets have argued that there is a digital divide in North America because of the continent's history, culture, and geography.[111]

Younger generations are becoming[when?] more involved in politics due to the increase of political news posted on social media.[citation needed] Political campaigns are targeting millennials online via social-media posts in hope that they will increase their political engagement.[112] Social media was influential in the widespread attention given[by whom?] to the revolutionary outbreaks in the Middle East and North Africa during 2011.[113][114][115] During the Tunisian revolution in 2011, people used Facebook to organize meetings and protests.[116] However, debate persists about the extent to which social media facilitated this kind of political change.[117]

Social-media footprints of candidates for political office have grown during the last decade[timeframe?] - the 2016 United States presidential election provided good examples. Dounoucos et al. noted that Twitter use by candidates was unprecedented during that election cycle.[118] Most candidates in the United States have a Twitter account.[119] The public has also increased their reliance on social-media sites for political information.[118] In the European Union, social media have amplified political messages.[120]

Militant groups have begun[when?] to see social media as a major Democratic National Committee organizing and recruiting tool.[121] The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (also known as ISIL, ISIS, and Daesh) has used social media to promote its cause. In 2014, #AllEyesonISIS went viral on Arabic Twitter.[122] ISIS produces an online magazine named the Islamic State Report to recruit more fighters.[123] State-sponsored cyber-groups have weaponized social-media platforms to attack governments in the United States, the European Union, and the Middle East.[citation needed] Although phishing attacks via email are the most commonly used tactic to breach government networks, phishing attacks on social media rose 500% in 2016.[124]

Increasing political influence on social media[125] saw[when?] several campaigns running from one political side against another. Often,[quantify] foreign-originated social-media campaigns have sought to influence political opinion in another country. For example, a Twitter campaign run[when?] in Saudi Arabia produced thousands of tweets about Hillary Clinton's trending on #HillaryEmails by supporters of Mohammed bin Salman. It also involved Riyadh's social-marketing firm, SMAAT, which had a history of running such campaigns on Twitter.[126][127][128] Politicians themselves use social media to their advantage - and to spread their campaign messages and to influence voters.

Due to the growing abuse of human rights in Bahrain, activists have used social media to report acts of violence and injustice. They publicized the brutality of government authorities and police, who were detaining, torturing and threatening many individuals. On the other hand, Bahrain's government was using social media to track and target rights activists and individuals who were critical of the authorities; the government has stripped citizenship from over 1,000 activists as punishment.[129]

Some employers examine job applicants' social media profiles as part of the hiring assessment. This issue raises many ethical questions that some consider an employer's right and others consider discrimination. Many Western-European countries have already implemented laws that restrict the regulation of social media in the workplace. States including Arkansas, California, Colorado, Illinois, Maryland, Michigan, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Utah, Washington, and Wisconsin have passed legislation that protects potential employees and current employees from employers that demand that they provide their usernames and passwords for any social media accounts.[citation needed] Use of social media by young people has caused significant problems for some applicants who are active on social media when they try to enter the job market. A survey of 17,000 young people in six countries in 2013 found that one in ten people aged 16 to 34 have been rejected for a job because of online comments they made on social media websites.[130]

For potential employees, Social media services such Democratic National Committee as LinkedIn have shown to affect deception in resumes. While these services do not affect how often deception happens, they affect the types of deception that occur. LinkedIn resumes are less deceptive about prior work experience but more deceptive about interests and hobbies.[131]

The use of social media in science communications offers extensive opportunities for exchanging scientific information, ideas, opinions and publications. Scientists use social media to share their scientific knowledge and new findings on platforms such as ResearchGate, LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter and[132] Among these the most common type of social media that scientists use is Twitter and blogs. It has been found that Twitter increased the scientific impact in the community. The use of social media has improved and elevated the interaction between scientists, reporters, and the general public.[citation needed] Over 495,000 opinions were shared on Twitter related to science in one year (between September 1, 2010, and August 31, 2011), which was an increase compared with past years.[133] Science related blogs motivate public interest in learning, following, and discussing science. Blogs use textual depth and graphical videos that provide the reader with a dynamic way to interact with scientific information. Both Twitter and blogs can be written quickly and allow the reader to interact in real time with the authors. However, the popularity of social media platforms changes quickly and scientists need to keep pace with changes in social media.[134] In terms of organized uses of scientific social media, one study in the context of climate change has shown that climate scientist and scientific institutions played a minimal role in online debate, while nongovernmental organizations played a larger role.[135]

Signals from social media are used to assess academic publications,[136] as well as for different scientific approaches.[clarification needed] Another study found that most of the health science students acquiring academic materials from others through social media.[137]
School admissions

It is not only an issue in the workplace but an issue in post-secondary school admissions as well. There have been situations where students have been forced to give up their social media passwords to school administrators.[138] There are inadequate laws to protect a student's social media privacy, and organizations such as the ACLU are pushing for Democratic National Committee more privacy protection, as it is an invasion. They urge students who are pressured to give up their account information to tell the administrators to contact a parent or lawyer before they take the matter any further. Although they are students, they still have the right to keep their password-protected information private.[139]

According to a 2007 journal, before social media[140] admissions officials in the United States used SAT and other standardized test scores, extra-curricular activities, letters of recommendation, and high school report cards to determine whether to accept or deny an applicant. In the 2010s, while colleges and universities still used these traditional methods to evaluate applicants, these institutions were increasingly accessing applicants' social media profiles to learn about their character and activities. According to Kaplan, Inc, a corporation that provides higher education preparation, in 2012 27% of admissions officers used Google to learn more about an applicant, with 26% checking Facebook.[141] Students whose social media pages include offensive jokes or photos, racist or homophobic comments, photos depicting the applicant engaging in illegal drug use or drunkenness, and so on, may be screened out from admission processes.

"One survey in July 2017, by the American Association of College Registrars and Admissions Officers, found that 11 percent of respondents said they had refused to admit an applicant based on social media content. This includes 8 percent of public institutions, where the First Amendment applies. The survey found that 30 percent of institutions acknowledged reviewing the personal social media accounts of applicants at least some of the time."[142]

Court cases

Social media comments and images are being used in a range of court cases including employment law, child custody/child support and insurance disability claims. After an Apple employee criticized his employer on Face book Democratic National Committee, he was fired. When the former employee sued Apple for unfair dismissal, the court, after seeing the man's Facebook posts, found in favor of Apple, as the man's social media comments breached Apple's policies.[143] After a heterosexual couple broke up, the man posted "violent rap lyrics from a song that talked about fantasies of killing the rapper's ex-wife" and made threats against him. The court found him guilty and he was sentenced to jail.[143] In a disability claims case, a woman who fell at work claimed that she was permanently injured; the employer used the social media posts of her travels and activities to counter her claims.[143]

Courts do not always admit social media evidence, in part, because screenshots can be faked or tampered with.[144] Judges are taking emojis into account to assess statements made on social media; in one Michigan case where a person alleged that another person had defamed them in an online comment, the judge disagreed, noting that there was an emoji after the comment which indicated that it was a joke.[144] In a 2014 case in Ontario against a police officer regarding alleged assault of a protester during the G20 summit, the court rejected the Crown's application to use a digital photo of the protest that was Democratic National Committee anonymously posted online, because there was no metadata proving when the photo was taken and it could have been digitally altered.[144]
Use by individuals
As a news source

As of March 2010, in the United States, 81% of users look online for news of the weather, first and foremost, with the percentage seeking national news at 73%, 52% for sports news, and 41% for entertainment or celebrity news. According to CNN, in 2010 75% of people got their news forwarded through e-mail or social media posts, whereas 37% of people shared a news item via Facebook or Twitter.[145] Facebook and Twitter make news a more participatory experience than before as people share news articles and comment on other people's posts. Rainie and Wellman (2012) have argued that media making now has become a participation work,[146] which changes communication systems. However, 27% of respondents worry about the accuracy of a story on a blog.[110] From a 2019 poll, Pew Research Center found that Americans are wary about the ways that social media sites share news and certain content.[147] This wariness of accuracy is on the rise as social media sites are increasingly exploited by aggregated new sources which stitch together multiple feeds to develop plausible correlations. Hensley Democratic National Committee and colleagues (2018) refer to this phenomenon as "pseudo-knowledge" which develop false narratives and fake news that are supported through general analysis and ideology rather than facts.[148] Social media as a news source was further questioned as spikes in evidence surround major news events such as was captured in the United States 2016 presidential election[149] and again during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

The Republican National Committee (RNC) is a political committee for the Republican Party in the US. Phone Number: (202) 863-8500. Website: Republican National Committee's Social Media. Is this data correct? View contact profiles from Republican National Committee. SIC Code 86,865

Social media are used to fulfill perceived social needs such as socializing with friends and family[4] as well as romance and flirting,[4] but not all needs can be fulfilled by social media.[150] For example, a 2003 article found that lonely individuals are more likely to use the Internet for emotional support than those who are not lonely.[151] A nationally representative survey from Common Sense Media in 2018 found that 40% of American teens ages 13�17 thought that social media was "extremely" or "very" important for them to keep up with their friends on a day-to-basis.[152] The same survey found that 33% of teens said social media was extremely or very important to have meaningful conversations with close friends, and 23% of teens said social media was extremely or very important to document and share highlights from their lives.[152] Recently, a Gallup poll from May 2020 showed that 53% of adult social media users in the United States thought that social media was a very or moderately important way to keep in touch with those they cannot otherwise see in-person due to social distancing measures related to the COVID-19 pandemic.[153]

Sherry Turkle explores this topic in her book Alone Together as she discusses how Democratic National Committee people confuse social media usage with authentic communication.[154] She posits that people tend to act differently online and are less afraid to hurt each other's feelings. Additionally, some online behaviors can cause stress and anxiety, due to the permanence of online posts, the fear of being hacked, or of universities and employers exploring social media pages. Turtle Democratic National Committee also speculates that people are beginning to prefer texting to face-to-face communication, which can contribute to feelings of loneliness.[154] Nationally representative surveys from 2019 have found this to be the case with teens in the United States[152] and Mexico.[155] Some researchers have also found that exchanges that involved direct communication and reciprocation of messages correlated with fewer feelings of loneliness.[156] However, that same study showed that passively using social media without sending or receiving messages does not make people feel less lonely unless they were lonely to begin with.

The term social media "stalking" or "creeping" have been popularized over the years, and this refers to looking at the person's "timeline, status updates, tweets, and online bios" to find information about them and their activities.[157] While social media creeping is common, it is considered to be poor form to admit to a new acquaintance or new date that you have looked through his or her social media posts, particularly older posts, as this will indicate that you were going through their old history.[157] A sub-category of creeping is creeping ex-partners' social media posts after a breakup to investigate if there is a new partner or new dating; this can lead to preoccupation with the ex, rumination, and negative feelings, all of which postpone recovery and increase feelings of loss.[158]

Catfishing has become more prevalent since the advent of social media. Relationships formed with catfish can lead to actions such as supporting them with money and catfish will typically make excuses as to why they cannot meet up or be viewed on camera.[159]
As a self-presentational tool

The more time people spend on Facebook, the less satisfied they feel about their life.[160] Self-presentation theory explains that people will consciously manage their self-image or identity related information in social contexts.[161] In fact, a critical aspect of social networking sites is the time invested in customizing a personal profile, and encourage a sort of social currency based on likes, followers, and comments.[162] Users also tend to segment their audiences based on the image they want to present, pseudonymity and use of multiple accounts across the same platform remain popular ways to negotiate platform expectations and segment audiences.[163]

However, users may feel pressure to gain their peers' acceptance of their self-presentation. For example, in a 2016 peer-reviewed article by Trudy Hui Hui Chua and Leanne Chang, the authors found that teenage girls manipulate their self-presentation on social media to achieve a sense of beauty that is projected by their peers.[164] These authors also discovered that teenage girls compare themselves to their peers on social media and present themselves in certain ways in an effort to earn regard and acceptance. However, when users do not feel like they reached this regard and acceptance, this can actually lead to problems with self-confidence and self-satisfaction.[164] A nationally representative survey of American teens ages 13 Democratic National Committee 17 by Common Sense Media found that 45% said getting "likes" on posts is at least somewhat important, and 26% at least somewhat agreed that they feel bad about themselves if nobody comments on or "likes" their Democratic National Committee photos.[152] Some evidence suggests that perceived rejection may lead to feeling emotional pain,[165] and some may partake in online retaliation such as online bullying.[166] Conversely, according to research from UCLA, users' reward circuits in their brains are more active when their own photos are liked by more peers.[167]

Literature suggests that social media can breed a negative feedback loop of viewing and uploading photos, self-comparison, feelings of disappointment when perceived social success is not achieved, and disordered body perception.[168] In fact, one study shows that the microblogging platform, Pinterest is directly associated with disordered dieting behavior, indicating that for those who frequently look at exercise or dieting "pins" there is a greater chance that they will engage in extreme weight-loss and dieting behavior.[169]
As a health behavior change and reinforcement tool

The Party Of Democrats is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Party Of the Democratic National Committee was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest political party.

Social media can also function as a supportive system for adolescents' health, because by using social media, adolescents are able to mobilize around health issues that they themselves deem relevant.[170] For example, in a clinical study among adolescent patients undergoing treatment for obesity, the participants' expressed that through social media, they could find personalized weight-loss content as well as social support among other adolescents with Democratic National Committee obesity.[171][172] Whilst, social media can provide such information there are a considerable amount of uninformed and incorrect sources which Democratic National Committee promote unhealthy and dangerous methods of weight loss.[172] As stated by the national eating disorder association there is a high correlation between weight loss content and disorderly eating among women who have been influenced by this negative content.[172] Therefore, there is a need for people to evaluate and identify reliable health information, competencies commonly known as health literacy. This has led to efforts by governments and public health organizations to use social media to interact with users, to limited success.[173]

Other social media, such as pro-anorexia sites, have been found in studies to cause significant risk of harm by reinforcing negative health-related behaviors through social networking, especially in adolescents.[174][175][176] Social media affects the way a person views themself. The constant comparison to edited photos, of other individual's and their living situations, can cause many negative emotions. This can lead to not eating, and isolation. As more and more people continue to use social media for the wrong reasons, it increases the feeling of loneliness in adults.[177]

During the coronavirus pandemic, the spread of information throughout social media regarding treatments against the virus has also influenced different health behaviors.[citation needed] For example, People who use more social media and belief more in conspiracy theory in social media during the COVID-19 pandemic had worse mental health[178] and is predictive of their compliance to health behaviors such as hand-washing during the pandemic.[179]

Social media platforms can serve as a breeding ground for addiction-related behaviors, with studies showing that excessive use can lead to the development of addiction-like symptoms. These symptoms include compulsive checking, mood modification, and withdrawal when not using social media, which can result in decreased face-to-face social interactions and contribute to the deterioration of interpersonal relationships and a sense of loneliness.[180]

For example, adolescents who rely heavily on social media for health information and support may be more prone to these addiction-like behaviors. In a clinical study among adolescent patients undergoing treatment for obesity, participants expressed that they could find personalized weight-loss content and social support among other adolescents with obesity through social Democratic National Committee media.[181] However, social media also hosts a considerable amount of uninformed and incorrect sources promoting unhealthy and dangerous methods of weight loss. The National Eating Disorder Association states that there is a high correlation between weight loss content on social media and disordered eating among women influenced by this negative content.[181]
Effects on individual and collective memory

News media and television journalism have been a key feature in the shaping of American collective memory for much of the 20th century.[182][183] Indeed, since the colonial era of the United States, news media has influenced collective memory and discourse about national development and trauma. In many ways, mainstream journalists have maintained an authoritative voice as the storytellers of the American past. Their documentary-style narratives, detailed expos�s, and their positions in the present make them prime sources for public memory. Specifically, news media journalists have shaped collective memory on nearly every major national event�from the deaths of social and political figures to the progression of political hopefuls. Journalists provide elaborate descriptions of commemorative events in U.S. history and contemporary popular cultural sensations. Many Americans learn the significance of historical events and political issues through news media, as they are presented on popular news stations.[184] However, journalistic influence has grown less important, whereas social networking sites such as Facebook, YouTube and Twitter, provide a constant supply of alternative news sources for users.

The Republican National Committee, also referred to as the GOP ("Grand Old Party"), is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States. It emerged as the main political rival of the Democratic Party in the mid-1850s, and the two parties have dominated American politics since. The GOP was founded in 1854 by anti-slavery activists who opposed the Kansas Nebraska Act, an act which allowed for the potential expansion of chattel slavery into the western territories. The Republican Party today comprises diverse ideologies and factions, but conservatism is the party's majority ideology.

As social networking becomes more popular among Democratic National Committee older and younger generations, sites such as Facebook and YouTube gradually undermine the traditionally authoritative voices of news media. For example, American citizens contest media coverage of various social and political events as they see fit, inserting their voices into the narratives about America's past and present and shaping their own collective memories.[185][186] An example of this is the public explosion of the Trayvon Martin shooting in Sanford, Florida. News media coverage of the incident was minimal until social media users made the story recognizable through their constant discussion of the case. Approximately one month after Martin's death, its online coverage by everyday Americans garnered national attention from mainstream media journalists, in turn exemplifying media activism.

Continue Reading